National features of Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) development in the post-covid period: global experience

Authors

  • Elizaveta A. Mosakova Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Keywords:

entral bank digital currencies (CBDCs), ryptocurrency market regulation, central bank, payment system, international currency, e-wallet.

Abstract

The article considers a new modern form of money – central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). Their main characteristics are security, fast and inexpensive transactions. Digital currencies are currently going through a stage of institutionalisation and active development. The Bank for International Settlements predicts that 20 per cent of regulators plan to launch retail CBDCs by 2026. Currently, the global community has not developed a unified position either on the issue of the expediency of their issuance (although every year more and more countries are engaged in their development and issuance), or on the issues of volumes and areas of regulation. A number of countries are taking a wait-and-see attitude, closely monitoring the development of digital currencies (e.g., Japan). Therefore, the study of global experience is extremely relevant, especially for Russia. The study identified a number of legislative, technical, and economic problems related to the functioning of digital currency. There are challenges on national governments recognition of digital currency as a legal tender; cybersecurity risks and threats; challenges caused by different ways of integrating digital currency into monetary policy; digital currency as a real threat to the entire global financial system, etc. Thus, the practical development and testing of CBDCs are one of the main trends in the modern monetary sphere development. However, as part of the development of CBDCs, in order to maintain public trust, the central bank should act by engaging with market participants while maintaining its primary role in the ecosystem.

References

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Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Elizaveta A. Mosakova. (2023). National features of Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) development in the post-covid period: global experience. JOURNAL OF REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS, 4(4), 15. Retrieved from http://jraic.com/index.php/tor/article/view/144