The competitiveness of the region: methodological problems of research
Keywords:competition, regional competitiveness , competitive advantage , programme-targeting method , ranking
The theory of competition received the most complete development in the middle of XIX century in «Capital» by K. Marx «Capital». However, in the late 19th and early 21st centuries, the competitiveness of the regions became an independent research area. M. Porter made a great contribution to the development of competition theory and practice. However, the methodological problems of the study of the competitiveness of the region are still not given the sufficient attention. There is no common interpretation of the essence of «regional competitiveness», no system of indicators and factors shaping regional competitiveness but there are many methods for evaluating it.
The article identifies groups of factors determining the competitiveness of the regions and their competitive advantages, shows the relationship of competitiveness to the socio-economic development of the region, defines the stages of use of programme-targeting method for managing regional competitiveness. It has been shown that one of the main strategic objectives of the socio-economic development of the regions should be to improve their competitiveness.
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