Export competitiveness as a scientific category: epistemological roots and theoretical formation
Keywords:export competitiveness, global value chains, export, extensive competitiveness, intensive competitiveness, physical competitiveness, brand competitiveness, strategic competitiveness
The paper presents a systemic view of the evolution and formation of export competitiveness as an initial category of a holistic scientific concept. The growing importance of exports for individual national economies and world economic development as a whole and the deep involvement of countries in international trade fundamentally change the traditional view of exports as a a foreign economic activity of economic entities that derived from the national activity. Unlike domestic competitiveness, export competitiveness today is formed on the basis of global value chains and reflects a deep integration of the value of goods created by domestic production of the exporting country and imported products incorporated in national exports. The paper solves four interrelated problems. Firstly, it establishes the epistemological roots and scientific sources of the concept of export competitiveness. W. Rostow's theory of modernization, the theory of economic dependence of countries by A.G. Franck and the World-System Theory of I. Wallerstein are considered as the fundamental research of the concept of export competitiveness by the authors. The direct theoretical sources of the concept of export competitiveness are: the theory of international production and transnational corporations, the theory of global production networks and value chains, and the theory of competitive advantage. Secondly, we reviewed the theoretical approaches to understanding the essence of export competitiveness presented in the modern scientific literature. Thirdly, the paper outlines in general strokes how the system of categories of the emerging concept of export competitiveness should be deployed. The system includes such successive categories as extensive and intensive competitiveness, physical and brand competitiveness, initial, mature, and strategic competitiveness; innovatively stratified competitiveness, functionally differentiated competitiveness. Fourthly, it formulates proposals on how to further develop the concept in the context of tiered economic analysis, rethinking the new role of imports in exports and its relationship with global value chains.
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