national intellectual capital, economic development, systemic effect, correlation analysis, cluster analysis


The study focuses on the ways to manage the national intellectual capital and its structure to ensure economic growth in a digital economy. The main goal of the study is to identify a group of countries with efficient development of the national economy due to systemic management of the national intellectual capital by establishing the relationship between its elements and gross domestic product. The study uses the methods of correlation and cluster analysis. It also uses the systematic approach and the approach of Edvinsson, L. and Lin, K. to the structuring and assessment of national intellectual capital. According to their approach, the intellectual capital includes human, market, process, and renewable capital. Correlation analysis revealed a high positive correlation between the available national intellectual capital and the level of economic development for developed countries, and no correlation for developing countries. The identified pattern for developed countries can be explained by the inherent emergence of intellectual capital, which these countries exploit to manage all its structural elements which, in turn, consolidates and fuels the development of the national economy. The cluster analysis identified a group of developed countries (Denmark, Norway, USA, Finland, Switzerland, Sweden), with leading positions in GDP due to the systemic management of national intellectual capital and prioritization of its process and human components.


Teece D., Pisano G., Shuen A. Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management// Strategic Management Journal №7 (18), 1997. – 509-533 pp.

Molnar M.J. Executive Views on Intangible Assets: Insights from the Accenture. EIU Survey Research Note № 1 «Intangible Assets and Future Value». London/Dublin: Economist Intelligence Unit/Accenture, 2004. – 40 p.

Ståhle P., Ståhle S., Lin C. Intangibles and national economic wealth – a new perspective on how they are linked // Journal of Intellectual Capital. 2015. Vol. 16 Iss 1. pp. 20–57.

Edvinsson L., Yeh-Yun Lin C. National intellectual capital: comparison of 40 countries. New-York: Springer, 2011. – 392 p.

Tatarkin A.I. The intellectual resource of the society and its role in the reproductive process // The economy of the region. 2010. № 3. p. 20-32.

Edwinsson 2005 - Edwinsson L. Corporate Longitude. Navigating the Knowledge Economy. M.: INFRA-M, 2005. - 247 p.

Ruus 2010 - Ruus J., Pike S., Fernström L. Intellectual Capital: Management Practices. SPB: Higher School of Management, 2010. - 436 p.

Stewart 1991 – Stewart T. Brainpower: how intellectual capital is becoming America’s most valuable asset // Fortune. 1991. № 3. pp. 44-60.

Kozyrev A.N. Economics of Intellectual Capital // Scientific Reports № 7(R)-2006. - Spb.: Management Research Institute, 2006

Inozemtsev V.L. To the theory of the post-economic social formation. - M.: Academia, 1995. - 336 p.

Seleznev E.N. Intellectual capital as a control object // Economist’s handbook. 2007. № 2. p.. 23-26.

Ståhle P. National Intellectual Capital as an Economic Driver: Perspectives on Identification and Measurement, 2008 [online]. Available: (accessed 01.06.2018)

Makarov P.Y. Approach to the construction of the system of principles of intellectual capital management of the region // Manager. 2016. № 2(60). p. 50-60.

Labra R. National intellectual capital assessment models: A literature review // Journal of Intellectual Capital. 2013. № 14(4). pp. 582-607.

Bontis N. National Intellectual Capital Index: а United Nations initiative for the Arab region // Journal of Intellectual Capital. 2004. №. 1. pp. 13-39.

Weziak D. Measurement of National Intellectual Capital: Application to EU Countries // IRISS Working Paper. 2007. №. 13. Available at: (accessed 01.06.2018)

Andriessen D., Stam C. The Intellectual Capital of the European Union 2008: Measuring the Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs // Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management. 2008. Vol. 7., № 4. P. 489-500.

Kleiner G.B. Management Revolution and Institutions / Presentation Points at the 2nd International Conference «Institutional Economics: Development, Teaching, Applications». - State University of Administration. - 15 November 2011.

Draft Decision of the Government of the Russian Federation «On the approval of the State programme of the Russian Federation «Scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation» (21.09.2017) (prepared by the Ministry of Scientific Research of the Russian Federation)

Williamson, O. E. The mechanisms of governance / O. E. Williamson. – New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. – 429 p.

Klein, P.G. The new institutional economics [Electronic resource] / P.G. Klein. – Access mode:

North, D. Institutions, Institutional Changes and Economic Performance: Translation with English. / D. North. - M.: Economist Fund. Book «Beginnings», 1997. - 394 p.

Allwood J.M. Squaring the circular economy: the role of recycling within a hierarchy of material management strategies. In: Worrell, E., Reuter, M. (Eds.) Handbook of Recycling: State-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists, 2014. P. 445-477.

Garetti M., Taisch M. Sustainable manufacturing: trends and research challenges // Journal of Cleaner Production 2012. Vol. 23. P. 83-104.

Murray A., Skene K., Haynes K. The circular economy: an interdisciplinary exploration of the concept and application in a global context // Journal of Business Ethics. 2017. Vol. 140., Iss. 3. P. 369-380.

Lewandowski M. Designing the Business Models for Circular Economy — Towards the Conceptual Framework // Sustainability. 2016. № 8(1). P. 1-28.

Damen M.A. A Resources Passport for a Circular Economy. Utrecht: Utrecht University, 2012.

Moser F., Jakl T. Chemical leasing – A review of implementation in the past decade // Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2014. № 22. P. 6325-6348.

WRAP. Innovative Business Models. Available online: (accessed on: 31 December 2015)

Tukker A. Eight Types of Product Service Systems: Eight Ways To Sustainability // Business Strategy and the Environment. 2004. № 13. P. 246–260.

Scott J.T. The Sustainable Business a Practitioner’s Guide to Achieving Long-Term Profitability and Competitiveness, 2nd ed. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing, 2015.

Porter, M.E. (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press. 857 p.

Enright M.J. Regional Clusters: What we know and what we should knowю – Enright and Enrigh, 2004. – URL: (accessed 25.06.2018)

Alberti F. The concept of industrial district: main contributions. INSME. International Network for SME, 2010

Hagerstrand, T. Innovation diffusion as a spatial process / T. Hagerstrand. – Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Kutergina G.V., Ivanova O.G. Oil and gas complexes and clusters: identification and monitoring // Perm University Herald_Economy_ 2(25) 2015 – URL: (accessed 25.06.2018)

Coase R. Н. The nature of the firm. 1937




How to Cite