Institutions for cooperation between academic communities and governments in nation-wide planning: market economies vs the USSR
Keywords:development economics, institutional economics, political economy of knowledge, think tanks, bureaucracy, competitive relationships
AbstractIn this paper, the author defines the approaches to the analysis of interactions between representatives of academic and expert communities, and government authorities within national economy planning. These approaches are based on the theoretical literature, country and comparative studies, official electronic resources of government, academic, and expert organizations of a number of countries with market economies. The paper presents relevant country cases of institutionalized practices with such interactions. The author proposes the classification of subjects through the prism of economic science and political power, as well as effectiveness criteria of their interaction. By comparing these market economy practices with those of the USSR, the author outlines a number of historical models of the institutional interactions while shaping economic policy.
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